MANAGERIAL LEADERSHIP PAPER
In the current world, there are contemporary and trending issues which affect our society in varied ways. Some, actually, are unlocked mysteries which are not easy to crack. Scientists might conduct research and of course come up with their findings. Religious leaders might also come up with their versions of explanations to tackle different issues. Different groups might lack a general view of a situation. To this end, the contemporary issues can be expressed by writers in different forms such as themes in their books or beliefs in their expressions. The same thoughts might be shared by a number of writers who might express the same thoughts from different dimensions. In the book, Outliers, different propositions have been floated across. Different beliefs have been discussed and analyzed, and different principles have been expressed.
From a general perspective the author’s purpose for the book is to tackle the issues which have long been left in the dungeon for lack of a conclusive explanation. He tries to bring another dimension and another approach for the reasonings which have stayed with mankind for a long time. Most people have assumed some situations leads to different results without looking at other underlying factors which also affect different results. Look at the case of death rates in America compared to the death rate of Rosetans, you realize that most people have always associated death rates with health related lifestyles and dietal issues. No one thinks of death in terms of societal set up and organizational upbringing. The author brings another twist to the story; a twist which is rejected by many and accepted by few. In other words, the author would like to express the other side of the story in the whole issue of the ancient reasoning and de facto beliefs haboured in different instances.
In a more specific perspective, the author wishes to express the thoughts of the little known and the most neglected aspects of life in terms of the common beliefs. He opens up the whole thinking of the readers to have a wider perspective and more engaged view of the general view of the connotations which are cherished.
One of the major themes discussed by this author is the role played by opportunity and practice. Taking the case of Bill Gates. He was exposed to computers at an early age since he got the opportunity to learn in a school with such facilities. At such a young age, he is introduced to the functionality of the computer. Opportunity coupled with interest, therefore drives him to start something new in regards to the computer. The results of such curiosity, which can be classified under practice, therefore leads him to a mega discovery of something which would remain under his name for a considerably long time. Evidently, the opportunity he got of getting exposed to the computers in the early 1960s when the machines were rare to come by in common institutions and the agility he developed which lead him to try and make something new made him who he is today. That is a perfect example of how opportunity and practice can shape someone at the expense of another.
Secondly, a theme which has been looked at keenly is revolving around being a genius. It is emerging that being a genius is not a guarantee for outright success. Normally, the society assumes that those who are born with light brains are normally susceptible to success more than those who are not geniuses. This reasoning has however been dragged so far to an extend that the ones presumed to be failures find pleasure in challenging the other people. Naturally, when one is presumed to be a genius, they tend to think success await them. This theme has been looked into in this book extensively, but in bringing the other dimension of it. Take an example of Chris, he was a genius, but failed to graduate from college because of other exogenous factors are key to ones academic success. Being a genius is not a guarantee of success. In other words, it is a necessary but not a sufficient condition. In section five of the book, a test to attest this proposition is lined where people who were once geniuses are brought together and it is realized that not all of them are at the same point in monetary terms. That shows that the some professionals might be fleecing the geniuses with little return to compensate for their wide brain capacity. It is therefore true, that being a genius is one thing, being successful is another.
On the same note, one of the themes which has been extensively looked at in this piece of writing is the fact that the world does not have equal opportunity for all. When one is born, they do not choose the family from which they will grow and the background from which they will hail. Nature does the choosing. When nature is involved, there are underlying factors to that effect. First and foremost, nature will not be fair in its choices, some people will be thrown into areas infested with poverty, others will also be thrown direct to the wealth of the family. This act, will give different footing to the starting point in life. In a simple dimension, one person will have money to invest while the other will start from looking for the initial capital. This difference provided by nature eventually dictates the success and the path taken by the two different people in life. Life, is never fair, on anyone, and therefore that explains a great deal in the destiny of the people.
Family background is a major determinant of one’s success. The background of a family in terms of the wealth owned is probably the theme which has been looked into in all the chapters of the book. It is probably the major determinant of once success save for some special cases in different instances. In a general view, when one is born to a rich family, the children will grow learning different ways and the little known about creating and sustaining wealth. This is not the same case of those born into financial malnourished families. The latter will tend to be satisfied with the condition and even though some might be worried to out of the cocoon, the external hurdles might be so glaring. The former, however, have most solutions to their needs at finger tips. They are not worried much of their destiny, but are worried about how to retain their family wealth. They are taught how to coexist with authorities and how to have hands in crucial decisions to work for them. They are taught how to negotiate and how to always get a deal towards their end. All these are not learnt in schools or institutions, they are taught in homes, families. Therefore, it is imperative that family background has a direct influence in the destiny of anyone as far as success is concerned. The theme is well enumerated by the predicaments of Chris Langan and Robert Oppenheimer, both were geniuses, but had a different footing because of family background.
The principles expressed by Gladwell are glaring. He believes that Intelligence Quotient, which translated into one being a genius is not the best predictor of success. It is misleading in that it does not work for some people as it works for others. In addition, it depends on other exogenous factors such as family background to deliver credible results as far as success is concerned.
Secondly, the author casts doubt to the general proposition that one can do what they desire and achieve whichever heights they might long to attain. The story of the genius, Chris Langan, contradicts this view, he wanted to attain heights in education and had the full brain capacity to achieve this. He was, however, shut down by what others would describe as ‘bad luck’. That ‘bad luck’ is the factor behind the principle which is coming out clearly in this writing that we cannot become what we desire because of other exogenous related factors.
As another principle, shown by the author. There is a positive relation between effort and reward. This is in line with life’s beliefs that those who work hard in their endeavors are tipped for success than those who find pleasure in little pressure. The book, however, brings another dimension to the reasoning of this notion. Chris works hard to attain his ambitions of being successful, but this is not the case as his efforts are thwarted by his mother’s ignorance and the deans arrogance. The two factors bring him a new twist on life espousing him to the sufferings and guilt of unaccomplished ambitions.
As a principle of belief, background is also a factor towards one’s success. As was said, referring to background as a major theme in the book, the background also comes out strongly as a principle which determines ones future. It determines one’s exposure to any information which are core in the whole process of wealth accumulation and subsequently success in life. Poor background does not offer much apart from frustrations to ambitions. The Chris case sums it all an makes the whole principle of background so lively.
The above discussed book by Gladwell on Success blends well with the Principles of Leadership by Andrew DuBrin. In a way, they both talk about the akin hypothesis, but in different dimensions. In reality, it is evident that the two books in a way talk about the same principles but from different angels.
Gladwell refers to Bill Gates as one who is successful owing to the opportunity he received which others never received; that is the opportunity to get exposed to computers early enough. The opportunity gave him the chance to think outside the box, ponder and eventually invent something big which would follow his track thereafter. Andrew’s Principles of leadership, however, brings a different dimension to it. He postulates that success requires great leadership ability to nurture ambition and get results. This leadership prowess portrayed is key to the success of any venture including life goals. A good leader must therefore be nurtured creativity, but restricts the ambitions within the bounds of integrity. The same case applies with other qualities of a good leader.
To achieve, family background influences once destiny; that is the argument put forward by Gladwell in his book. However, The Principle’s of Leadership brings a whole new dimension to this, it insists that with the good family background, still the person must be able to work and integrate the efforts of others to ensure full success in the end. A person might not be able to achieve a lot in isolation, the efforts of others must be brought together. When the efforts are brought together, the act of leadership comes in. The people must be organized and harmonized into workable cells and units. The process involves leadership integration and practices to uphold the trust and achieve results.
The leadership behavior exhibited by the proprietor is a strong indication of whether or not the venture will succeed. Bringing different factions together and inputs together for a common goal requires a transformational person whose leadership abilities are beyond reproach. It requires one who is entrepreneurial in nature; an act which Andrew describes as a person who constantly sees new opportunities where others fail to see opportunities. The Bill Gates story as told by Gladwell is well in the context that it requires someone who grows an extra eye to the available opportunity. He had the opportunity to be in the same class as others fitted with computers. Unlike others, he developed an extra initiative to the available computers to think ahead of others. So even, without the availability of opportunity, it still requires the extra step taken ahead of others to come up with the adorable initiative which people would not imagine to have lived without. This trait of an inspired leader is referred to as the entrepreneurial aspect of a leader.
Gladwell stresses the fact that one’s destiny is well spelt in the family background from which they hail. He argues, that with a deeply rooted family background, there is a presumed advantage of success compared to others. Andrew, however, brings another perspective of the argument. He argues that even with a solid financial foundation, one needs compliments to make a success story. Complainants in this case are the qualities which that person should have to cushion their success from eminent failure. The compliments in this case are the good qualities of a leader. The qualities include; utmost humility which will positively influence the worker relations with each other. The relations among the workers is directly associated with the success or failure of initiatives. A good leader who is keen on the bigger picture therefore is keen to hold the workers together through mutual and workable relationships. A good leader, must also be able to be vigilantly self confident, assertive and enthusiastic in the venture being carried out.
Leadership is inclusive and success is not exclusive either. The two are incorporated together to produce results. The two are in harmony to realize success.
Taken From AceMyHW.com